Academic Words List 1 (10 words)
1. abandon (LEAVE) [ / əˈbæn.dən / ] verb (T)
to leave a place, thing or person forever:
- We had to abandon the car.
- By the time the rebel troops arrived, the village had already been abandoned.
- As a baby he’d been abandoned by his mother.
- We were sinking fast, and the captain gave the order to abandon ship.
abandoned [ / əˈbæn.dənd / ] adjective
- An abandoned baby was found in a box on the hospital steps.
abandonment [ / əˈbæn.dən.mənt / ] noun (U)
- The abandonment of the island followed nuclear tests in the area.
2. abandon (STOP) [ / əˈbæn.dən / ] verb (T)
to stop doing an activity before you have finished it:
- The match was abandoned at half-time because of the poor weather conditions.
- They had to abandon their attempt to climb the mountain.
- The party has now abandoned its policy of unilateral disarmament.
abstract (GENERAL) [ / ˈæb.strækt / ] adjective
1 existing as an idea, feeling or quality, not as a material object:
- Truth and beauty are abstract concepts.
2 describes an argument or discussion that is general and not based on particular examples:
- This debate is becoming too abstract – let’s have some hard facts!
the abstractnoun (S)
- I have difficulty dealing with the abstract – let’s discuss particular cases.
- So far we’ve only discussed the question in the abstract (= without referring to any real examples).
abstraction [ / æbˈstræk.ʃən / ] noun (C) FORMAL
- She’s always talking in abstractions (= in a general way, without real examples).
academic (STUDYING) [ / ˌæk.əˈdem.ɪk / ] adjective
1 relating to schools, colleges and universities, or connected with studying and thinking, not with practical skills:
- academic subjects/qualifications/books
- an academic institution
- the academic year (= the time, usually from September to June, during which students go to school or college)
- academic standards
2 describes someone who is clever and enjoys studying:
- I was never a particularly academic child.
academically [ / ˌæk.əˈdem.ɪ.kli / ] adverb
- She’s always done well academically.
- It may be that a child is bright, but not academically inclined.
academe [ / ˈæk.ə.diːm / ] noun (U) FORMAL
access [ / ˈæk.ses / ] noun (U)
the method or possibility of approaching a place or person, or the right to use or look at something:
- The only access to the village is by boat.
- The main access to (= entrance to) the building is at the side.
- The tax inspector had/gained complete access to the company files.
- The system has been designed to give the user quick and easy access to the required information.
- The children’s father was refused access to them at any time (= refused official permission to see them).
access [ / ˈæk.ses / ] verb (T)
accommodate (FIND A PLACE FOR) [ / əˈkɒm.ə.deɪt / US / -ˈkɑː.mə- / ] verb (T)
to provide with a place to live or to be stored in:
- New students may be accommodated in halls of residence.
- FORMAL There wasn’t enough space to accommodate the files.
accommodation [ / əˌkɒm.əˈdeɪ.ʃən / US / -ˌkɑː.mə- / ] noun (U) MAINLY UK
a place to live, work, stay, etc. in:
- There’s a shortage of cheap accommodation (= places to live).
- We have first and second class accommodation (= seats) on this flight.
accommodations [ / əˌkɒm.əˈdeɪ.ʃənz / US / -ˌkɑː.mə- / ] plural noun US
a place to stay when you are travelling, especially a hotel room:
- Sweepstakes winners will enjoy a week-long stay in luxury accommodations in Las Vegas.
accommodate (SUIT) [ / əˈkɒm.ə.deɪt / US / -ˈkɑː.mə- / ] verb (T)
to give what is needed to someone:
- The new policies fail to accommodate the disabled.
- We always try to accommodate (= help) our clients with financial assistance if necessary.
accompany (GO WITH) [ / əˈkʌm.pə.ni / ] verb (T)
1 to go with someone or to be provided or exist at the same time as something:
- The course books are accompanied by four cassettes.
- Depression is almost always accompanied by insomnia.
- The salmon was accompanied by (= served with) a fresh green salad.
2 SLIGHTLY FORMAL to show someone how to get to somewhere:
- Would you like me to accompany you to your room?
3 FORMAL to go with someone to a social event or to an entertainment:
- “May I accompany you to the ball?” he asked her.
- I have two tickets for the theatre on Saturday evening – would you care to accompany me?
accompanying [ / əˈkʌm.pə.ni.ɪŋ / ] adjective
appearing or going with someone or something else:
- Front-page stories broke the news of the princess leaving, and accompanying photographs showed her getting on the plane.
- Children under 17 require an accompanying parent or guardian to see this film.
accumulate [ / əˈkjuː.mjʊ.leɪt / ] verb
1 (T) to collect a large number of things over a long period of time:
- As people accumulate more wealth, they tend to spend a greater proportion of their incomes.
- The company said the debt was accumulated during its acquisition of nine individual businesses.
- We’ve accumulated so much rubbish over the years.
2 (I) to gradually increase in number or amount:
- A thick layer of dust had accumulated in the room.
- If you don’t sort out the papers on your desk on a regular basis they just keep on accumulating.
accumulation [ / əˌkjuː.mjʊˈleɪ.ʃən / ] noun (C or U)
- Despite this accumulation of evidence, the Government persisted in doing nothing.
- Accumulations of sand can be formed by the action of waves on coastal beaches.
accurate [ / ˈæk.jʊ.rət / ] adjective
- correct, exact and without any mistakes:
- an accurate machine
- an accurate description
- The figures they have used are just not accurate.
- Her novel is an accurate reflection of life in post-war Spain.
- We hope to become more accurate in predicting earthquakes.
NOTE: The opposite is inaccurate.
accurately [ / ˈæk.jʊ.rət.li / ] adverb
- The plans should be drawn as accurately as possible, showing all the measurements.
accuracy [ / ˈæk.jʊ.rə.si / ] noun (U)
- We can predict changes with a surprising degree of accuracy.
achieve [ / əˈtʃiːv / ] verb (T)
to succeed in finishing something or reaching an aim, especially after a lot of work or effort:
- The government’s training policy, he claimed, was achieving its objectives.
- She finally achieved her ambition to visit South America.
- I’ve been working all day, but I feel as if I’ve achieved nothing.
See also underachieve.
achievable [ / əˈtʃiː.və.bļ / ] adjective
describes a task, etc. that is possible to achieve:
- Before you set your targets, make sure that they are achievable.
ac‧qui‧si‧tion AC /ˌækwəˈzɪʃən, ˌækwɪˈzɪʃən/ BrE AmE noun
- the acquisition of language
- the acquisition of new sites for development
- The Art Society is holding an exhibition of recent acquisitions.