Academic Words List 1

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Academic Words

Academic Words

Academic Words List 1 (10 words)


1. Abandon:

1. abandon (LEAVE) [ / əˈbæn.dən / ]    verb (T)
to leave a place, thing or person forever:

  •      We had to abandon the car. 
  •      By the time the rebel troops arrived, the village had already been abandoned. 
  •      As a baby he’d been abandoned by his mother. 
  •      We were sinking fast, and the captain gave the order to abandon ship

abandoned [ / əˈbæn.dənd / ]  adjective 

  •      An abandoned baby was found in a box on the hospital steps.   

abandonment [ / əˈbæn.dən.mənt / ]    noun (U)

  •  The abandonment of the island followed nuclear tests in the area. 

2. abandon (STOP) [ / əˈbæn.dən / ]  verb (T)

to stop doing an activity before you have finished it:

  •      The match was abandoned at half-time because of the poor weather conditions. 
  •      They had to abandon their attempt to climb the mountain. 
  •      The party has now abandoned its policy of unilateral disarmament. 

 2. Abstract:

abstract (GENERAL) [ / ˈæb.strækt / ] adjective 
1 existing as an idea, feeling or quality, not as a material object:

  •      Truth and beauty are abstract concepts.

2 describes an argument or discussion that is general and not based on particular examples:

  •      This debate is becoming too abstract – let’s have some hard facts! 

the abstractnoun (S)
general ideas:

  •      I have difficulty dealing with the abstract – let’s discuss particular cases. 
  •      So far we’ve only discussed the question in the abstract (= without referring to any real examples).

abstraction [ / æbˈstræk.ʃən / ]    noun (CFORMAL

  •  She’s always talking in abstractions (= in a general way, without real examples).

 3. Academic:

academic (STUDYING) [ / ˌæk.əˈdem.ɪk / ] adjective 
1 relating to schools, colleges and universities, or connected with studying and thinking, not with practical skills:

  •      academic subjects/qualifications/books 
  •      an academic institution 
  •      the academic year (= the time, usually from September to June, during which students go to school or college) 
  •      academic standards 

2 describes someone who is clever and enjoys studying:

  • I was never a particularly academic child.

academically [ / ˌæk.əˈdem.ɪ.kli / ] adverb

  • She’s always done well academically.
  • It may be that a child is bright, but not academically inclined.

academe [ / ˈæk.ə.diːm / ] noun (UFORMAL 


4. Access:

access [ / ˈæk.ses / ] noun (U)
the method or possibility of approaching a place or person, or the right to use or look at something:

  •      The only access to the village is by boat. 
  •      The main access to (= entrance to) the building is at the side. 
  •      The tax inspector had/gained complete access to the company files. 
  •      The system has been designed to give the user quick and easy access to the required information. 
  •      The children’s father was refused access to them at any time (= refused official permission to see them). 

access [ / ˈæk.ses / ] verb (T)


5. Accommodate:

accommodate (FIND A PLACE FOR) [ / əˈkɒm.ə.deɪt / US / -ˈkɑː.mə- / ]  verb (T)
to provide with a place to live or to be stored in:

  •      New students may be accommodated in halls of residence. 
  •      FORMAL There wasn’t enough space to accommodate the files. 

accommodation [ / əˌkɒm.əˈdeɪ.ʃən / US / -ˌkɑː.mə- / ]   noun (U) MAINLY UK
a place to live, work, stay, etc. in:

  •    There’s a shortage of cheap accommodation (= places to live). 
  •     We have first and second class accommodation (= seats) on this flight. 

accommodations [ / əˌkɒm.əˈdeɪ.ʃənz / US / -ˌkɑː.mə- / ]  plural noun US
a place to stay when you are travelling, especially a hotel room:

  •    Sweepstakes winners will enjoy a week-long stay in luxury accommodations in Las Vegas. 

accommodate (SUIT) [ / əˈkɒm.ə.deɪt / US / -ˈkɑː.mə- / ] verb (T)

to give what is needed to someone:

  •     The new policies fail to accommodate the disabled. 
  •      We always try to accommodate (= help) our clients with financial assistance if necessary.

6. Accompany:

accompany (GO WITH) [ / əˈkʌm.pə.ni / ]  verb (T)
1 to go with someone or to be provided or exist at the same time as something:

  •      The course books are accompanied by four cassettes. 
  •      Depression is almost always accompanied by insomnia. 
  •      The salmon was accompanied by (= served with) a fresh green salad. 

2 SLIGHTLY FORMAL to show someone how to get to somewhere:

  •   Would you like me to accompany you to your room? 

3 FORMAL to go with someone to a social event or to an entertainment:

  •      “May I accompany you to the ball?” he asked her. 
  •      I have two tickets for the theatre on Saturday evening – would you care to accompany me? 

accompanying [ / əˈkʌm.pə.ni.ɪŋ / ] adjective 
appearing or going with someone or something else:

  •      Front-page stories broke the news of the princess leaving, and accompanying photographs showed her getting on the plane. 
  •      Children under 17 require an accompanying parent or guardian to see this film.

7. Accumulate:

accumulate [ / əˈkjuː.mjʊ.leɪt / ]  verb 
1 (T) to collect a large number of things over a long period of time:

  •      As people accumulate more wealth, they tend to spend a greater proportion of their incomes. 
  •      The company said the debt was accumulated during its acquisition of nine individual businesses. 
  •      We’ve accumulated so much rubbish over the years. 

2 (I) to gradually increase in number or amount:

  •      A thick layer of dust had accumulated in the room. 
  •      If you don’t sort out the papers on your desk on a regular basis they just keep on accumulating. 

accumulation [ / əˌkjuː.mjʊˈleɪ.ʃən / ]  noun (or U)

  •      Despite this accumulation of evidence, the Government persisted in doing nothing. 
  •      Accumulations of sand can be formed by the action of waves on coastal beaches.

 8. Accurate:

accurate [ / ˈæk.jʊ.rət / ]  adjective 

  • correct, exact and without any mistakes:
  •      an accurate machine 
  •      an accurate description 
  •      The figures they have used are just not accurate. 
  •      Her novel is an accurate reflection of life in post-war Spain. 
  •      We hope to become more accurate in predicting earthquakes. 

NOTE: The opposite is inaccurate.
accurately [ / ˈæk.jʊ.rət.li / ] adverb 

  •    The plans should be drawn as accurately as possible, showing all the measurements. 

accuracy [ / ˈæk.jʊ.rə.si / ] noun (U)

  •      We can predict changes with a surprising degree of accuracy.

 9. Achieve:

achieve [ / əˈtʃiːv / ]  verb (T)
to succeed in finishing something or reaching an aim, especially after a lot of work or effort:

  •      The government’s training policy, he claimed, was achieving its objectives
  •      She finally achieved her ambition to visit South America. 
  •      I’ve been working all day, but I feel as if I’ve achieved nothing. 

See also underachieve.
achievable [ / əˈtʃiː.və.bļ / ] adjective 
describes a task, etc. that is possible to achieve:

  •      Before you set your targets, make sure that they are achievable.

 10. Acquisition:

acquisition AC /ˌækwəˈzɪʃən, ˌækwɪˈzɪʃən/ BrE  AmE  noun

1[uncountable] the process by which you gain knowledge or learn a skill:
  •  the acquisition of language
2[uncountable] the act of getting land, power, money etc
acquisition of
  •  the acquisition of new sites for development
3[countable] formal something that you have obtained by buying it or being given it:
  •  The Art Society is holding an exhibition of recent acquisitions.