متن خبر انگلیسی اول از سایت اکونومیست
یادگیری لغات زبان انگلیسی از متن خبر انگلیسی
مناسب برای افرادی که در آزمون های بین المللی زبان مانند آیلتس و تافل می خواهند شرکت کنند. این متون برای بخش مهارت خواندن آیلتس و تافل بسیار مفید خواهند بود.
ابتدا متن خبر را بدون جستجو کردن لغات در دیکشنری بخوانید. لغات سخت این متن به همراه معانی و مثال آنها در زیر متن آورده شده اند. این متن را چندین و چند بار مطالعه کنید.
Let the people fail to decide
Putting big political issues directly to the voters is not more democratic, and usually gets worse results
REFERENDUMS are supposed to get citizens engaged in politics and make governments responsive. If they worked, Europeans ought to be feeling particularly satisfied with their democracies. For referendums are on the rise. Not counting Switzerland, which has always run lots of them, big plebiscites are three times more common in Europe now than they were in the 1970s Britain is preparing one on withdrawing from the European Union. Dutch campaigners have just won a referendum against the EU-Ukraine association agreement, and plan to take on EU trade treaties with Canada and America. Italians are to vote on changing their constitution, and Hungarians on the EU’s refugee-sharing scheme.
Despite this direct democracy, Europeans are alienated from politics and furious with their governments. Referendum-mania has not slowed the rise of populist, Eurosceptic parties which attack the establishment as corrupt and out of touch. Plebiscites meant to settle thorny issues instead often aggravate them: after Scotland’s independence referendum failed in 2014, membership of the Scottish National Party quadrupled, suggesting another confrontation is coming.
Referendums, it turns out, are a tricky instrument. They can bring the alienated back into politics, especially where the issues being voted on are local and clear. On rare occasions they can settle once-in-a-generation national questions, such as whether a country should be part of a larger union. But, much of the time, plebiscites lead to bad politics and bad policy.
The most problematic are those on propositions that voters do not understand or subjects which are beyond governments’ control. In 2015 Alexis Tsipras, prime minister of Greece, called a referendum on the bail-out offered by his country’s creditors. His citizens—many of whom did not realise that refusal meant default—voted no. Mr Tsipras had to take the deal anyway, exacerbating the public’s cynicism about politics.
Plebiscites that ask a country’s voters what they think of a policy set by other countries often disappoint. The Dutch rejected the EU-Ukraine agreement, but may be stuck with much of it unless the EU’s other 27 members agree to changes. Switzerland does domestic referendums well, but is in hot water over one that restricts immigration from the EU. That requires changes to its trade deal with the EU; Brussels will not budge.
Tricky: If a piece of work or problem is tricky, it is difficult to deal with and needs careful attention or skill
مشکل، سخت، دشوار، حیله آمیز
I’m in a bit of a tricky situation really – whatever I do I’ll offend someone.
Problematic: involving problems and difficult to deal with
A problematic situation
Bail-out (n): financial help given to a person or a company that is in difficulty
کمک مالی که به یک شخص یا یک شرکت در شرایط سخت داده می شود
بدترکردن ،تشديد کردن
This attack will exacerbate the already tense relations between the two communities.
His cynicism about the future demoralized others.
بدبینی او درباره ی آینده دیگران را دلسرد کرد.
Be in hot water: to be in or get into a difficult situation in which you are in danger of being criticized or punished
در وضعیت دشوار قرار گرفتن. وضعیتی که شما در معرض تنبیه یا انتقاد قرار دارید.
He found himself in hot water over his comments about immigration.
won’t budge: if someone will not budge, or you cannot budge them, they will not change their opinion
نظر خود را تغییر ندادن
I’ve tried persuading her, but she won’t budge.
نقشه، پروژه، برنامه، طرح
There’s a new scheme in our town for recycling plastic bottles.
انتقال دادن ،بيگانه کردن ،منحرف کردن
Disagreements can alienate teenagers from their families.
Furious: extremely angry
خشمناک ،اتشى ،عصبانى
I was late and he was furious with me.
Populist: relating to or representing ordinary people, rather than rich or very highly educated people
مردم باورانه، وابسته به توده گرایی
a populist campaign
تحريف شده ،معيوب کردن ،رشوه خوار رشوه دادن ،فاسد کردن ،خراب کردن، فاسد
Both companies are under investigation for corrupt practices.
معقولات پردردسر، مسائل پر زحمت
The thorny road to peace
راه پر مانع رسیدن به صلح
Aggravate: to make a bad situation worse
بدتر کردن، وخیم تر کردن
Attempts to restrict parking in the city center have further aggravated the problem of traffic congestion.
چهارتایی، چهارگانه، چهاربخشی، چهار برابر کردن یا شدن
His income quadrupled.
رودر رویی، مواجهه، مقابله
His confrontation with the boss cost him his job.
رودر رویی او با رئیس به قیمت شغلش تمام شد.
Referendum: همه پرسی
The government has promised to uphold the principles of democracy.
قرارداد،عهدنامه ،معاهده ،قرار داد،پيمان نامه ،عهد نامه
قانون ـ فقه : معاهده
بازرگانى : معاهده ،قرارداد،موافقت نامه
علوم نظامى : پيمان نظامى
Both sides have agreed to sign the treaty.
قانون ـ فقه : قانون اساسى ،اساسنامه و نظامنامه
مهاجر،فرارى ،پناهنده سياسى ،آواره
Refugees were streaming across the border.
on the rise : increase افزایش یافتن
Police say that youth crime is on the rise again.
همه پرسى ،مردم خواست ،راى قاطبه مردم ،مراجعه باراء عمومى
قانون ـ فقه : آراء عمومى
The plebiscite revealed that the people were in favor of joining the Common Market.
پس زدن ،رد کردن ،سرباز زدن ،عقب کشيدن ،عقب نشينى کردن، پس گرفتن ،باز گرفتن ،صرفنظر کردن
علوم مهندسى : برداشتن
قانون ـ فقه : قبول نکردن
بازرگانى : برداشت از حساب
علوم نظامى : ترک کردن
Eleven million bottles of water had to be withdrawn from sale due to a health scare.